May 14, 2020
Over 50 million Americans struggle with allergy symptoms1, whether it’s a runny nose, itchy and red eyes, or a swelling throat. Over-the-counter allergy medicines are available at any corner pharmacy, but when can you treat your allergies yourself, and when do you need to see a doctor?
We spoke to MDLIVE’s Dr. Alan Menkes to find out when allergies require professional help.
1. When you’re not sure if you have a cold or allergies
“Colds and allergies – specifically allergic rhinitis – can be easily confused because both feature sneezing and runny noses,” says Dr. Menkes. A doctor can help you determine if your symptoms are triggered by environmental allergens like pollen, dust mites, or smoke, or if you have a cold or inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Colds and allergies are treated differently, and by knowing what you have, you’ll know which medicines to use. “Taking cold medicine when you’re suffering from allergies can not only be ineffective but is also a waste of money,” says Dr. Menkes.
If you’re experiencing itching in your eyes or nose, watery/red eyes, or swelling/puffiness in your throat, ears, or eyelids, you’re probably experiencing allergies. If you have a nagging cough, a low-grade fever (under 101°), or are generally feeling sick and rundown, it’s more likely a cold. Either way, checking in with a doctor can let you know for sure.
2. When your symptoms are interfering with your life
In addition to the stuffy nose and other symptoms, allergies can also lead to annoying problems like headaches, sinus infections, and ear infections. When your allergies are making it difficult to work, sleep, or enjoy the outdoors, there’s no need to suffer. A doctor can help you figure out what you’re allergic to, and show you how to manage your symptoms effectively, and find the relief you need. Over-the-counter medicines and prescriptions are available to treat a variety of allergic reactions. “When allergy medicines don’t work,” says Dr. Menkes, “many people can visit an allergist for allergy shots, which, over time, desensitize you to the allergen(s) causing your symptoms.”*
3. When you’re not finding relief
According to Dr. Menkes, the biggest indicator that you’re suffering from allergies and not a cold is if you don’t start feeling better after 4-5 days. Colds typically run their course, while allergy symptoms will persist until you remove the allergens or take action to relieve the symptoms. Talking to a doctor will let you know for sure.
On the other hand, if you’ve been using over-the-counter allergy medicines and still aren’t feeling better, a doctor can help you find a different type of medicine – a steroid instead of an antihistamine, for example – to better address your symptoms. Some allergy sufferers might need a doctor to prescribe a stronger dosage.
“All medicines have side effects – like drowsiness, for example,” says Dr. Menkes. “A doctor can help you figure out which medicine will best treat your symptoms while limiting side effects that disrupt your life.”
4. When you have other health problems
“It’s important to see a doctor if you have other health problems like high blood pressure, enlarged prostate, diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease,” says Dr. Menkes. “Not all over-the-counter drugs are safe to take for people with these conditions.” Talking to a doctor can ensure you’re not putting your health in danger by taking the wrong medicine.
If you’re suffering from allergies OR a cold, MDLIVE is an easy, convenient way to talk to a doctor without having to wait days for an appointment. Our doctors can talk to you about your symptoms, give you a diagnosis, and if a prescription is needed, send one straight to the pharmacy of your choice—all from the comfort of your own home.
Contact MDLIVE for a consult with a board-certified doctor via secure online video, phone, or the MDLIVE App today.
Dr. Alan Menkes
A graduate of the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Dr. Menkes is an experienced, board-certified doctor in Internal Medicine. His subspecialty is in Critical Care Medicine. He enjoys assisting patients in improving their health through both medicine and education so that they can better take charge of their well-being.
*While MDLIVE doctors can help diagnose your allergies, come up with a treatment plan, and prescribe allergy medication, if allergy shots are needed, you must visit an allergist in person.